COVID-19 is a respiratory system disease caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2. The virus which causes the disease if part of a larger viral designation Coronaviridae and is genetically similar to SARS-CoV which appeared in 2002 which means that this isn’t the first time we have seen a Coronavirus. The virus infects the respiratory system and can cause serious complications for those infected, namely severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).
Unfortunately, most people who are infected with the virus are afflicted mildly and may not show symptoms during the most active time in the virus’s life cycle (between 5-8 days). What does that mean? That means that when the virus is reproducing the most in someone’s body, they may not be showing symptoms and are unknowingly passing it along. This occurrence is known as asymptomatic transmission. So, even if you aren’t feeling sick, you should be careful to practice social distancing and hand washing.
The virus is most commonly spread through coughing or sneezing. Additionally, since the virus can survive on surfaces outside of the body for a while, it can be picked up off of surfaces and transmitted that way. It has also been noted that the virus can spread when a patient is recovering, but the degree of impact is, as of now, uncertain.
The most common symptoms of infection include fever, a dry cough (not productive) and shortness of breath. If you are experiencing these symptoms, you should contact your doctor and consult on further action. If you begin to exhibit serious symptoms like trouble breathing, persistent chest pain or increase in severity of the above, may need to seek emergency care.
The best thing that you can do to protect yourself and to help manage the spread of SARS-CoV-2, is by social distancing and washing your hands. If you suspect or feel that you may be getting sick, quarantine yourself to the best of your abilities and call your doctor for consultation.
“Chest CT abnormalities increased in number and severity of lesions in the first 10 weeks (peaking at approximately 10 days). Subsequently, there was a short plateau phase and a gradual decrease in abnormalities.” This was regarding people with milder cases of CoV-19
Tests using CT scans revealed that after onset, 5-8 days is the progressive stage, 9-13 days is the peak (symptoms and illness are most severe) and 14-26 is the absorption stage (period of recovery). Again, this is with milder cases of CoV-19. Source
“The overall case-fatality rate (CFR) was 2.3% (1023 deaths among 44 672 confirmed cases). No deaths occurred in the group aged 9 years and younger, but cases in those aged 70 to 79 years had an 8.0% CFR and cases in those aged 80 years and older had a 14.8% CFR. No deaths were reported among mild and severe cases. The CFR was 49.0% among critical cases.” Critical cases were typically compounded by pre-existing conditions like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension and cancer.
“Human coronaviruses in general are known to persist on inanimate surfaces such as metal, glass or plastic for up to 9 days.” Source: Laboratory biosafety guidance related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
“However, the value of wearing face masks is controversial, to say the least . Surgical masks do not fully protect against airborne viruses as they do not fully seal the nose and the mouth. Thus, small droplets, which can travel farther than large droplets and in more unpredictable patterns, can be inhaled around the sides of the masks. The N95 masks offer a better protection as long as they fit properly. It is worth noting that N95 masks are not suitable for people with facial hair.”
“COVID-19 replicates efficiently in the upper respiratory tract and appears to cause less abrupt onset of symptoms, similar to conventional human coronaviruses that are a major cause of common colds in the winter season. Infected individuals produce a large quantity of virus in the upper respiratory tract during a prodrome period, are mobile, and carry on usual activities, contributing to the spread of infection.” Basically, when the virus is replicating the most, people aren’t necessarily showing symptoms or feeling sick, so that can contribute to transmission rates.
“No intrauterine fetal infections occurred as a result of COVID-19 infection during a late stage of pregnancy. Our findings are in accordance with what was observed in SARS, which has a similar sequence to SARS-CoV-2.14 Previous studies have already shown no evidence of perinatal SARS infection among infants born to mothers who developed SARS infection during pregnancy.” Basically, like SARS, CoV-19 did not appear to spread from mother to child when the virus was contracted late in the pregnancy.
The Washington Post “Flattening the Curve” data viz simulator has had legs on it since minute one, but I’m still seeing folks share it who seem to have never seen it before – there’s a real imbalance of how aware/invested in the pandemic people are, which largely tracks along geographic and generational lines.
This piece by Asaf Bitton of Harvard’s Ariadne Labs (“This is Not a Snow Day”) has rightly gone viral – and been shared in a number of different forms – for its no-nonsense attempt to get people to understand tough concepts and take this seriously.
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) guide for wearing and removing personal protective equipment in healthcare settings for the care of patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19
USBG Foundation: This seems to be a place where bartenders can apply for grants. Also people can make donations for COVID-19 relief.
Restaurant Opportunities Center United: This is a hub of resources for restaurant workers who are in need. It does include the above link.
Restaurant Workers Community Foundation: Another Hub of resources
Links to Donate to Foundations:
USBG Foundation donations
Restaurant Opportunities Center United Donations:
Restaurant Workers Community Foundation Donations:
Donations for Combating Food Insecurity:
Large General Resource list:
The Greater Boston Food Bank
Combined Jewish Philanthropies
St. Francis House
Core (Children of Restaurant Employees)
Links for How and Where to Get Food:
This is an info-graphic from GBFB:
Child Nutrition Outreach Program
City of Boston Food Access Program/Maps
Snap Program on GBFB site:
St. Francis Get Help Page:
Rosie’s Place Pantry/Dining Room Hours:
Core (Children of Restaurant Employees)